Spinal stenosis is a common condition which we see here at Healthworks in which the spinal cord or the spinal nerves are compressed. This pinches the nerves or spinal cord, causing various symptoms such as pain, cramping, weakness or numbness. These sensations can be felt in the lower back, legs, neck or arms depending on the location of the nerves. Usually, spinal stenosis is caused by wear and tear of the spinal column or the disc. Sometimes, a thickened spinal ligament or a bulging disc is the source of stenosis.
Symptoms of stenosis often starts slowly and worsens gradually. Generally, a person who is diagnosed with this condition would exhibit symptoms of severe pain in the legs, calves or lower back when standing or walking. Pain is also worsen when walking up or down a hill, a ramp of steps. However, it is relieved by sitting or lying down.
As the common cause of stenosis is spinal degeneration, there are also other risk factors that might contribute to the narrowing of the nerves or spinal cord.
Person born with a narrowed spinal canal
50 years old and above
Person who had an injury or surgery of the spine
There are other medical conditions that can cause a spinal stenosis:
- OA (Osteoarthritis)
- Inflammatory spondyloarthtritis (e.g Ankylosing Spondylitis)
- Spinal tumors
- Paget’s disease
This medical condition is usually diagnosed with a thorough history and physical examination along with the aid of spinal imaging such as the MRI or X-ray. Treatment options include conservative and invasive depending on the severity of the symptoms. Usually, this condition would be treated conservatively with spinal mobilization and strengthening exercises. However, if the symptoms became worse, invasive therapy such as Epidural injection or Spinal surgery may be the treatment of choice.
As the symptoms for spinal stenosis are varied, it is always the best thing to have a check up with your physician to fully understand what you might be diagnosed with. At Healthworks, a team of chiropractors and physiotherapist are ready to help you with the questions you have about your spine.
Lastly, if you have any questions or queries to this article, please call us at 0362117533 or Whatsapp us at 018-9828539.